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Nyonya Chang Recipe

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Tim & Chooi Yoke's Nyonya Chang RecipeTim & Chooi Yoke's Nyonya Chang Recipe (7 June, 2013)

This is our recipe for making Nyonya Chang, a type of chang or Chinese dumpling. Also called Pnua Kiam Tnee 娘惹粽, the Nyonya Chang is popular among the Baba Nyonya communities of Penang and Malacca. It is usually served as an afternoon snack.

There are local variations to the Nyonya Chang. In Malacca, it is customary to dye the glutinous rice with bunga telang (butterfly pea flower), giving it a blue marbled effect. In Penang, as bunga telang used to be hard to come by, the Nyonya Chang is traditionally white in colour. However, now that the bunga telang has become more commonly grown in Penang, many in Penang have broken with tradition and have started making Malacca-style Nyonya Chang. On top of that, my wife makes a variation of it, which we call the Mount Fuji Chang, which I will describe separately. Nyonya Chang is my wife's favourite chang. Previously I did not fancy it much. As usual, it was because the Nyonya Chang that I have tasted before failed to entice me. It was only after I have tasted my wife's version that I found Nyonya Chang to be agreeable to my taste.

If you'd like to make Nyonya Chang yourself, here's our recipe, based on my wife's description. You can post your result on my Masa Masak Facebook Group.

Pnua kiam tnee changPnua kiam tnee chang (7 June, 2013)

My wife's Nyonya ChangMy wife's Nyonya Chang, dwarfed by a tray of her bak chang. (29 May, 2014)

My wife's Nyonya ChangMy wife's Mount Fuji Chang (12 June, 2015)

Nyonya Chang Recipe

  1. 600g glutinous rice
  2. one handful of 60 double-layered Bunga telang water/ Butterfly pea flower, cooked till its dye comes out
  3. 300ml of thick santan (coconut milk)
  4. 1 teaspoon salt
Spice paste (ground)
  1. 4 teaspoons coriander powder
  2. 60g Garlic
  3. 1 pinch of pepper (1/4 teaspoon)
  4. 20g cekur root
  1. 350g pork belly - ground up into bits
  2. 160g candied winter melons - sliced into 2 mm thick
  3. 150g roasted peanuts - pounded coarsely
  4. 2 teaspoons salt, adjust according to your own preference
  5. 2 tablespoons sugar, adjust according to your own preference
  6. water - this is adjusted based on moist level of your filling
  1. Chang heok (dried bamboo leaves), soaked until soft, cleaned and wiped dry
  2. Chang sok (hemp string), soaked until soft
  3. Pandan leaves, cut into 3 cm long strips.

Soaking bunga telangSoaking bunga telang (7 June, 2013)


  1. Wash the glutinous rice in several changes of water until the water runs clear. Take one third of the glutinous rice and soak with bunga telang water. Soak the balance glutinous rice in water. Soak the rice overnight and drain before use.
  2. Steam the rice with thick coconut milk until cooked. Roughly mix the blue and white rice together. Set aside.
  3. Heat up some oil in a wok and saute the spice paste until fragrant.
  4. Add in the pork belly and stir until cooked. Season with sugar and salt.
  5. Add in candied melon, and stir fry until well mix.
  6. Add in pounded roasted peanuts. Dish out to cool.
  7. To wrap the chang: Overlap two pieces of bamboo leaves and fold into a cone.
  8. Fill cone with 1 heaped tablespoon of glutinous rice, one heaped tablespoon of filling, and another heaped tablespoon of glutinous rice.
  9. Top with a piece of pandan leaf.
  10. Fold the loose end of the bamboo leaves over the rice and wrap dumpling into a pyramid shape and secure it with hemp string.
  11. Repeat until all rice have been used up.
  12. Steam the dumpling for 20-30 minutes.

List of Penang Nyonya Kuih

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