Hong Kong is located on the eastern side of the Pearl River Delta, across from Macau. Covering 1,104 sq km (426 sq mi), it comprises Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories and some 200 offshore islands.
Kam Fung Court apartments, with Ma on Shan mountain in the background, Hong Kong http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:HK_KamFungCourt.JPG Chong Fat
Hong Kong is mountainous. Less than 25% of the landmass has been used for development while some 40% of the remaining land is today protected country parks and nature reserves. The Hong Kong coastline is jagged with numerous coves and peninsulas. This irregular coastline creates beaches and bays between headlands.
Hong Kong is a densely populated territory. The most developed parts are those facing the Hong Kong Harbour. This part of Hong Kong has undergone successive land reclamations, pushing the coastline outwards each time.
Jordan Road, Hong Kong http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:HK_Jordan_Road_2009.jpg WiNG
Climate of Hong Kong
Being just south of the Tropic of Cancer, Hong Kong experiences a humid subtropical climate. Summers here are hot and humid while winters are mild and sunny. July is the hottest month, when average high temperature rises to 31.4°C (88.5°F). Coldest month is January, when the average low temperature drops to 14.5°C (58.1°F).
The summer months are also the wettest. June receives the most rain, at 456.1 mm (17.95 in). On the other hand, January is the driest month, receiving just 24.7 mm (0.97 in) of rain.
Coral Sea Ferry, Hong Kong http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coral_Sea_Ferry_18A,_Hong_Kong.jpg Mk2010
Hong Kong Entry Requirements
Visitors from the following countries enjoy visa-free entry to Hong Kong for specific durations:
1) Up to 180 days: citizens of the United Kingdom (full British citizens). Holders of Macau permanent identity cards can enter Hong Kong visa-free for up to 180 days. Holders of Macau Visa Permits without permanent resident status can visit Hong Kong visa-free for up to 30 days.
2) Up to 90 days: British Overseas Territories Citizens, British Overseas Citizens, British Subjects and British Protected Persons, citizens of all European Union member states, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominica, Ecuador, Egypt, Fiji, Gambia, Grenada, Guyana, Iceland, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kiribati, Liechtenstein, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Norway, Papua New Guinea, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, South Korea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uruguay, United States, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Lo Pan Temple, Hong Kong http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lo_Pan_Temple_1.jpg Minghong
3) Up to 30 days: Citizens of Bahrain, Bolivia, Cape Verde, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Indonesia, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Oman, Paraguay, Peru, Qatar, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Thailand, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Taiwan residents are given visa-free entry to Hong Kong for 30 days if they have a Taibaozheng. Otherwise, a pre-arrival visa is required, usually via the airline.
4) Upt o 14 days: Citizens of Albania (biometric passports only), Algeria, Benin, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Croatia, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Holy See, India, Lesotho, Macedonia, Madagascar, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Micronesia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Niger, Palau, Philippines, Russia, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Serbia (biometric passports only, but not those issued by the Co-ordination Directorate in Belgrade), Suriname and Ukraine.
Hong Kong International Airport Arrival Hall Terminal 1 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:HK_Airport_Terminal_1_%E5%88%B0%E5%A2%83%E5%A4%A7%E5%A0%82_arrival_hall_visitors.jpg Timatrrio
Arriving in Hong Kong
From Hong Kong Airport
The Hong Kong International Airport (HKG) at Chek Lap Kok is the main port of entry for visitors by air. If you wish to leave your luggage at the airport, there is a left luggage counter that is open from 6:00 am to 1:00 am daily. The fee is between HK$55 to HK$80 per day depending on duration.
You have a number of transport options to reach downtown Hong Kong. The fastest and most comfortable is to take the Airport Express train. The fare is HK$60-HK$100 one way, depending on the station, and HK$110-HK$180 round trip. There's a train every 12 minutes. The journey takes 24 minutes. All stations have staff to help passengers get heavy luggage on and off the train; there is no need to tip them.
Hong Kong International Airport Terminal 2 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SkyPlaza_at_the_Hong_Kong_International_Airport_Terminal_2_ceiling.JPG Mk2010
Two bus companies operate airport buses connecting Hong Kong Airport and downtown. They are Citybus and Long Win. There are two types, the A Bus and E Bus. A buses are used mostly by passengers and tourists while E buses mostly by airport employees.
There are also public buses from the airport. Bus S1 goes to the Tung Chung MTR Station for HK$3.50. From there, you can take the MTR train to Hong Kong for HK$18.80 or to Kowloon for HK$11.40.
A taxi ride from airport to downtown Hong Kong will cost you around HK$350. The red taxis are for destinations in Hong Kong Island and Kowloon, the green taxis are for New Territories while blue taxis for Lantau Island. All taxis must charge according to meter. The fare is HK$20 for the first 2 km and then HK$1.50 for every subsequent 200 m.
Making Calls in Hong Kong
If you need to call home from Hong Kong, the Call Prefix is 00x in which the "x" represent the service provider's carrier code. They include the following:
7 - Wharf
8 - Hutchinson Telecom
9 - New World
60 - PCCW
Hong Kong Airport MTR Station platform http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Airport_Station_Platform_1.jpeg Runey Saradragon Klein
From Shenzhen Airport
It is possible - and considerably cheaper - to fly to Shenzhen International Airport (SZX), if you don't mind it being slightly more time consuming. Having said that, the connection to Hong Kong is good. From the airport, take the Shenzhen Metro Line 1 to the Luohu Terminal. The journey takes 65 minutes and costs RMB8.55 or HK$8.00. Pass through the international border gate - have your visa ready for this - into Hong Kong. Take the East Rail suburban train to Hung Hom. The journey is 43 minutes and costs HK$31.80. So, the entire journey from Shenzhen Airport to Hong Kong takes about 2 hours and costs HK$39.80.
From Macau Airport
It is also possible to fly to Macau International Airport (MFM). You can transfer directly from the airport to the Macau Ferry Terminal, without going through Macau immigration, for the ferry to Hong Kong Island.
Departing from Hong Kong
Hong Kong Airport has two terminals, T1 and T2, although to be precise, T2 is used only for check in, as all flights ultimately depart from T1. Make sure you know which terminal to go for your departing flight.
If you are taking the MTR, you can check-in your luggage and get your boarding pass at Hong Kong and Kowloon MTR stations. There are airline staff and ticketing booth at these stations. This is for passengers of the Airport Express. If you are flying Cathay Pacific, you can also drop off your luggage up to one day before your flight, get your boarding pass, and have one last shopping spree before taking the Airport Express back to the airport.
The Airport Express Train http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Airport_Express_Train.jpg Baycrest
Places in Hong Kong
Hong Kong Island
Causeway Bay: Shopping district on the east side of Hong Kong Island.
Central: Formerly known as Victoria, this is the area with the highest concentration of skyscrapers in Hong Kong.
Happy Valley: Residential area popular among expatriates, best known for its race course.
Kennedy Town: Former working-class neighbourhood now undergoing gentrification.
Lan Kwai Fong: Neighbourhood south of Central around street of the same name.
Mid-levels: Upscale residential neighbourhood mid way up Victoria Peak.
Repulse Bay: Bay on the southern part of Hong Kong Island.
Sai Ying Pun: Traditional Chinese residential neighbourhood.
Shek O: Peninsula on the southeastern part of Hong Kong Island.
Shek Tong Tsui: A neighbourhood on the northwestern part of Hong Kong Island between Kennedy Town and Sai Ying Pun.
Sheung Wan: Neighbourhood between Central in the east and Sai Ying Pun in the west.
Soho: Entertainment precinct between Hollywood Road and Bonham Road-Caine Road.
Stanley: Peninsula on the south part of Hong Kong Island.
Victoria Peak: Tourist destination and upscale residential neighbourhood with superb views of Central and Victoria Harbour.
Wan Chai: One of the busiest commercial areas in Hong Kong, located on the western part of Wan Chai District.
Airport East Station of Luobao Line, Shenzhen Metro http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Airport_East_Station_Shenzhen.jpg DeBit
Outside Hong Kong Island
Lantau: The largest of the Outlying Islands of Hong Kong
Kowloon: Peninsula to the north of Hong Kong Island.
Mong Kok: Area in Kowloon to the north of Tsim Sha Tsui
Thank you for visiting my travel encyclopedia. I started it in 2003, and today it has over twenty thousand pages, all written by me. My name is Timothy Tye, you can call me Tim. I am a full-time website author writing only my own website, to describe things and places I am curious about. To know more about me, go to www.timothytye.com I have been living at home writing my websites full time since 2007. I describe my alternative lifestyle in my Happy Jobless Guy website.
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