For generations, the culture and history of the people speaking Penang Hokkien is often left unappreciated. It is only in the past decade that interest in local culture has been rejuvenated.
How does Penang Hokkien come about? Who are the people who speak it? Why and when did Penang Hokkien become the lingua franca of the Chinese of Penang? How does the system of romanization used in this course compare with other forms of Hokkien romanization? In this section are articles that provide you insights into the language.
Reference Material, Academic Papers and other resources related to Penang Hokkien
English Min Nan Chinese Dictionary: https://glosbe.com/en/nan
Lexilogus of the English, Malay and Chinese Languages (Malacca, 1841): https://www.penang-traveltips.com/pdf/lexilogus-of-the-english-malay-and-chinese-languages.pdf
Malay Lexicalized Items in Penang Peranakan Hokkien, an academic paper presented by Lim Beng Soon of the Regional Language Centre, Singapore, and Teoh Boon Seong, Singapore Management University: https://www.penang-traveltips.com/pdf/malay-lexicalized-items-in-penang-peranakan-hokkien.pdf
Words in Penang Hokkien: https://www.chinaheritagequarterly.org/tien-hsia.php?searchterm=026_hokkien.inc&issue=026
Written Hokkien (Wikipedia): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Written_Hokkien
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