The Hill Railway Road, today called Jalan Stesen Bukit Bendera and often simply Jalan Bukit Bendera, is the road connecting the Air Itam Roundabout to the Lower Station of the Penang Hill Railway. It has been around since the 19th century, when it was merely a country path that continued up the hill. At that time, the hill railway has not yet existed. During that time, British officials went up the hill either on horseback or by sedan chair.
For much of the 20th century, the Hill Railway Road continued to be one of the minor roads in Air Itam, on the outskirts of George Town. On one side of the road is a fruit plantation of Hye Keat Estate. The road leads to a number of major Chinese temples including the Jade Emperor Pavilion and the Beow Hiang Lim. By the mid-20th century, the road was lined with landed properties, many of which are still standing today. Present urban development only happened here from the 1980s onwards.
Today there are a number of high-rise apartments off Hill Railway Road. Most of these are located near the Lower Station. The plantation at Hye Keat Estate has also given way to residential development.
Location of Hill Railway Road (Jalan Stesen Bukit Bendera) on the map
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