Timothy Tye's Travel Encyclopedia
Iceland Travel Tips

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Aurora in IcelandAurora in Iceland
photo sourcehttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Aurora_in_Iceland#/media/File:Nooderlicht_boven_de_baai_van_Grondarfjordur_(8586375882).jpg
authorshipMaarten Visser

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Iceland is a small, rugged island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is 103,000 sq km (39,769 sq mi) and has a population of around 320,000. Its capital and largest city is Reykjavík.

Iceland is believed to have been first settled by Ingólfur Arnarson, a Norwegian chieftain, in AD 874. From 1262 to 1918, it was ruled by Norway and then by Denmark. As such it developed a culture base of the Norse heritage. Its local dialect is also related to West Norwegian dialect.

Iceland is 970 km (603 mi) from the coast of Norway, its closest neighbor on the European mainland. It is 287 km (178 mi) from Greenland and 420 km (261 mi) from the Faroe Islands. It is the second largest island in Europe after Great Britain.

About 63% of the terrain of Iceland is tundra. Lakes and glaciers cover another 14.3% of the country, leaving only 23% of it vegetated. The country has many fjords along its coastline. Most of its inhabitants live along the coast, as the interior highlands are cold and inhospitable.

The climate of Iceland is subpolar oceanic. The average temperature of Reykjavik ranges from 1.9°C (35.4°F) to 7°C (44.6°F). The warmest months are July and August, with average temperature rising to 13°C (55.4°F) while the coldest is January, when it drops to -3°C (26.6°F).

Reykjavík Travel Tips


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Þingvellir National Park Travel Tips


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Reykjavík Travel Tips


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Krafla seen from Leirhnjúkur, IcelandThe landscape of Krafla in Iceland
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2008-05-19_09_Krafla_seen_from_Leirhnj%C3%BAkur.jpg
authorshipHansueli Krapf
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Ísafjarðardjúp, IcelandÍsafjarðardjúp, Iceland
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Isafjardardjup.jpg
authorshipSalvor Gissurardóttir
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Grjótagjá Caves, IcelandGrjótagjá Caves, Iceland
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Grj%C3%B3tagj%C3%A1_caves_in_summer_2009_%282%29_by_DerHexer.jpg
authorshipChmee2, DerHexer
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Iceland on Google Maps Street View



Planning your visit to Iceland

By Plane The main international airport is the Keflavik International Airport (KEF), which is about 40 km from Reykjavík. The airport terminal is named after Icelandic discoverer Leifur Eiríksson. The airport operates only as an international airport, as domestic flights are handled by the Reykjavik Airport near the city centre. From the airport, you can take the bus (Flybus) or taxi to the city. Car rental companies are also operating from the airport terminal.

Inside Reykjavík CathedralInside Reykjavík Cathedral
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Domkirkjan_Innenraum.jpg
authorshipWolfgang Sauber
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Preparing Money for your trip to Iceland

The currency used in Iceland is the Icelandic Krona (ISK).

Major Cities in Iceland

  1. Reykjavík - capital
  2. Akureyri
  3. Blönduós
  4. Hafnarfjörður
  5. Hofn
  6. Húsavík
  7. Ísafjörður
  8. Keflavik
  9. Seyðisfjörður

Places of Interest in Iceland

  1. Blue Lagoon
  2. Geysir
  3. Gullfoss
  4. Jökulsárlön
  5. Landmannalaugar
  6. Mývatn
  7. Snæfellsjökull National Park
  8. Vatnajökull National Park

World Heritage Sites in Iceland

Iceland ratified the World Heritage Convention on 19 December, 1995. As of August 2010, it has two World Heritage Sites, one cultural and one natural. Iceland also has another 10 sites on the World Heritage Tentative List.
  1. Þingvellir National Park
  2. Surtsey

Sites in Iceland on the World Heritage Tentative List

  1. Skaftafell (2001)
  2. Breiðafjörður (2001)
  3. Núpsstaður (2001)
  4. Viðmýri Turf Church (2001)
  5. Keldur (2001)
  6. G´sar (2001)
  7. Reykholt (2001)
  8. Surtsey (2001)
  9. Mývatn - Laxá (2001)
  10. Herðubreiðarlindir and Askja (2001)


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