Timothy Tye's Travel Encyclopedia
Greece Travel Tips

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Oia, SantoriniOia, Santorini
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Greece is a country at the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. It is bordered by Albania, Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and by Turkey to the east. To the east and south of mainland Greece is the Aegean Sea. A vast part of Greece comprises islands and islets in the Aegean Sea.

Greece has a total area of 131,990 square kilometers (50,944 square miles), and an estimated 2010 population of 11.3 million. The capital of Greece is Athens, a city of over three million people. Euro is the official currency in use.

Greece receives over 17 million visitors per year, making it one of the top 20 tourist destinations in the world. Visitors to Greece are drawn to its beaches, sunny summer weather, nightlife and historical sites.

Fast Facts about Greece

  • Official Name: Greece (Hellenic Republic)
  • Capital: Athens (3,216,000)
  • Population of Greece: 11,306,000
  • Currency: Euro
  • Languages spoken: Greek
  • Religions: Greek Orthodox
  • Size: 131,940 sq km (50,942 sq miles)

Windmill in the Cyclades Islands of GreeceWindmill in the Cyclades Islands of Greece
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authorshipWolfgang Staudt
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Melissani Cave, KefaloniaMelissani Cave, Kefalonia
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authorshipMatt Sims
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Major Cities in Greece

  1. Athens - Capital
  2. Thessaloniki
  3. Patras

Peripheries of Greece

Greece consists of thirteen administrative divisions known as peripheries.

  1. Attica Periphery
  2. North Aegean Periphery
  3. South Aegean Periphery
  4. Central Greece Periphery
  5. Western Greece Periphery
  6. Central Macedonia Periphery
  7. East Macedonia and Thrace Periphery
  8. West Macedonia Periphery
  9. Epirus Periphery
  10. Peloponnese Periphery
  11. Thessaly Periphery
  12. Crete
  13. Ionian Islands Periphery
  14. Mount Athos Holy Community

Church of St LydiaChurch of St Lydia
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Greek Islands

  1. Crete
  2. The Cyclades
  3. The Dodecanese
  4. The Ionian Islands
  5. The Saronic Islands
  6. The Sporades and Evvoia
  7. The Northeast Aegean Islands

Places in Greece

  1. Peloponnesus

Sights in Greece

  1. Corinth Canal
  2. Rio Antirio Bridge

Old fortress, CorfuOld fortress, Corfu
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authorshipMarc Ryckaert
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World Heritage Sites in Greece

  1. Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae
  2. Acropolis, Athens
  3. Archaeological Site of Delphi
  4. Medieval City of Rhodes
  5. Meteora
  6. Mount Athos
  7. Paleochristian and Byzantine Monuments of Thessalonika
  8. Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus
  9. Archaeological Site of Mystras
  10. Archaeological Site of Olympia
  11. Delos
  12. Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios
  13. Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos
  14. Archaeological Site of Aigai (modern name Vergina)
  15. Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns
  16. Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint John "the Theologian" and the Cave of the Apocalypse on the Island of Pátmos
  17. Old Town of Corfu

Xanthi Hot SpringXanthi Hot Spring
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The Stoa of Philip, Delos, GreeceThe Stoa of Philip, Delos, Greece
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authorshipBernard Gagnon
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Getting into Greece

The biggest airport in Greece is Athen's Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport, located in the suburb of Spata. Other international airports in Greece are located in Thessaloniki, Heraklion, Rhodes and Corfu. The national flag carrier is Olympic Air, while privately owned Aegean Airlines offer a vast network of domestic flights with a growing number of European routes.

In addition to taking the plane, you can also enter Greece by train, by driving, by bus, and even by ferry. Greece's international rail hub is located in Thessaloniki. It is connected by train to many European cities. You can also make a land crossing by car into Greece via the former Yugoslavia, or take a car ferry from Italy.

Seeking accommodation in Greece

There are many opportunities to find cheap hotels in Athens as well as in other cities in Greece, particularly online. You should always do your homework, checking out the prices, location, read or rating by past users, to gauge whether the hotel is right for you.

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