Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, as seen from Leith Street (28 February 2004)
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion (GPS: 5.421583, 100.334874) is an grand Chinese-style mansion along Leith Street on the buffer zone of the George Town Unesco World Heritage Site. It was built by Cheong Fatt Tze (1840-1916), also known locally as Teow Thiaw Siat, a Chinese of Hakka descent, who was one of the richest men in Southeast Asia.
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion (28 February 2004)
Accommodation at Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion today functions as a boutique hotel, called The Blue Mansion by Samadhi. A stay here offers you a glimpse at the opulent lifestyle in the early 20th century.
View of Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion from Leith Street.
History of Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion
The Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion was built over a period of seven year between 1897 and 1904. It was one of the many houses belonging to Cheong Fatt Tze, whose property stretched from Java to Sumatra, to Penang, Singapore, Hong Kong and China. But of all these properties, this mansion is his favourite residence. All eight of his sons were raised here and received a Western education at the St Xavier's Institution nearby. The house was also the home for his wives No. 3, 6 and 7.
Cheong Fatt Tze was a Hakka which formed a minority in Penang but welded enormous economic power. Hakkas controlled much of the property and trades in Penang. To the Hokkiens in Penang, Hakkas were called khek lang, meaning "guest people", because they were the latecomers into the Penang society.
Roof design of Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion gate (28 February 2004)
By the late 19th century and early 20th century, the wealthy Hakkas had turned Leith Street into their own upper crust neighborhood. Apart from Cheong Fatt Tze, a number of Hakkas who were his business associates and relatives also had their homes along Leith Street, including his cousin Chang Yu-Nan, Kapitan China of Medan; Cheah Choon Seng, Kapitan China of Acheh; tin-mining tycoon Leong Fe, who was Cheong's son-in law; and Tye Kee Yoon. But while the rest opted for Western-style mansions, Cheong decided on a very traditionally Chinese look for his home and office.
Despite the decidedly Oriental appearance of Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion (a name given to the mansion only upon its reopening after recent restoration), the fixtures and furnishings were a fusion of Oriental and Western architectural concepts. As you explore the mansion, you will find Chinese-style doors, filigree and latticework placed side-by-side to contemporary louvred windows, stained-glass windows, and floor tiles imported from Stoke-on-Trent in Staffordshire, England.
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, entrance archway (28 February 2004)
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion occupies a land area of 56,000 square feet, with a built-up area totalling 33,000 square feet. In addition to the mansion, Cheong Fatt Tze's residence complex also includes the five terrace houses on the opposite side of Leith Street facing the mansion.
These houses were the living quarters of his maids, gardeners, cooks, stable-boys, grooms, and even the concubines and handmaidens who were out of favor. Occupants of the complex can more or less determine where they stand with the master of the house by how close he stationed you from his centre of power.
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, fence with coin motif (28 February 2004)
Cheong Fatt Tze's mansion and the five terrace houses are not aligned to Leith Street. The street had been around much earlier, having been built in the early part of the 19th century, and named after the George Leith, the Lieutenant-Governor of Penang from 1800 to 1803. The reason for the mansion's alignment has to do with Cheong Fatt Tze's belief in feng shui.
Before the house was constructed, a master geomancer would have done the due diligence to find the best placement for it. This includes the direction of the wind, and how water will be channeled as it passed through the house. All this to ensure that every possible step is taken to ensure that the wealth is retained.
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, main building (28 February 2004)
Due to the firm observance of feng shui, Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion is fronted by a rhombus-shaped garden. Within the mansion itself, however, everything was symmetrical. The main building was erected first, centred on an inner courtyard which is where, according to geomancy, all the "qhi" or "energy" eminates. The left and right wings of the mansion were only added at a later stage.
Cheong Fatt Tze went to great length to ensure that the mansion remained within his family after his demise. He put together a will that prevented its sale until the last of his many sons had died. He also put aside funds to ensure that the house is properly maintain. Sadly, it was all an exercise in futility.
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, gable ornamentation (28 February 2004)
Unlike the Rockefellers, the Cheong clan did not inherit the patriach's financial acumen to maintain his business empire. The money set aside for the maintenance of the mansion were not sufficiently disbursed. Also, it was a fixed amount was did not take inflation into account. Over time, there was never enough money to keep the mansion in proper repair.
Cheong's last daughter-in-law, Thong Siew Mee, lived by her own wits in trying to make ends meet and still upkeep the huge mansion. She was forced to let out rooms, corridor spaces, halls, stores, every inch of the mansion that could earn her rental.
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, reception hall (28 February 2004)
Partition with gilded filigree (28 February 2004)
Restored gilded panels at Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion (28 February 2004)
With the death of the last son, Kam Loong, in 1989, the trust under which the mansion was held was finally terminated, and sad to say, the mansion was put up for sale. Fortunately, a group of local conservationists stepped forward to buy it up, fearing that it would be demolished otherwise.
The mansion was then restored, bit by bit, from top down, employing techniques that are sympathetic to the traditional methods in which the mansion was first constructed. As the conservationists peeled away the years of neglect, they made startling discoveries about the mansion and the secrets of its workmanship.
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, reception desk (28 February 2004)
Winner of the 2000 Award of Excellence
Unesco Asia-Pacific for Culture Heritage Conservation.
Restoration work on Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion begain in 1991, and was completed in 1995. The restoration project was documented and submitted to Unesco Asia-Pacific, which awarded it the "Most Excellent Project" award for cultural heritage conservation.
Today, the mansion is given the name "Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion", after its founder. It has been readapted as a boutique hotel. It is one of the few private residences of its kind outside of China, and is one of the two by the Cheong Fatt Tze clan. In Medan, Indonesia, stands a similar mansion by Cheong Fatt Tze's nephew, Tjong A Fie, who is also an imminent personality there. The Tjong A Fie Mansion is also a tourist attraction in Medan.
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, central courtyard, where some can feel the "qhi" or "energy" (28 February 2004)
Teoh Tiaw Siat's house is a very big mansion at No. 14 Leith Street in George Town. As it is painted blue, people call it the "Blue Mansion".
Teoh Tiaw Siat is a very remarkable China-born Hakka. His name in Hakka is Cheong Fatt Tze, while in pinyin it is Zhang Bìshì. In Hokkien, his name is written as Thio Tiaw Siazt, Thio Tiaw Siat as well as Teoh Tiaw Siat.
Teoh Tiaw Siat is very wealthy. The land of his house covers 50,000 square feet. The built-up area is 33,000 square feet. Unlike other wealthy people of his time who built European-style mansions, Mr Teoh built a Chinese-style mansion. To build this mansion is not simple. Every area follows geomancy (fengshui). Outside Teow Tiaw Siat's house is a pond with lotus flowers. People passing through Leith Street began calling the street Lien3hua3 Ho2 (meaning Lotus River).
After Teoh Tiaw Siat had passed away, his house gradually became more and more run down. At one time, tens of people lived in it. In order to prevent this house from being demolished, a group of Penangites got together to buy it up, and then restored it back again. This restoration received UNESCO's highest award in the year 2000.
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion
14 Leith Street
10200 George Town, Penang
Phone: 04 262 0006
Going to Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion is located along Leith Street, at the junction with Farquhar Street. The nearest bus stop is along Penang Road (see map below). Depending on your direction of travel, you can take Rapid Penang bus 103, 204, 502 and CAT. From the bus stop, north up Penang Road until intersection with Farquhar Street, turn right, follow Farquhar Street till junction with Leith Street, and you will see entrance to Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion on your right. Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion is also one of the stops for the Penang Hop-On Hop-Off Tourist Bus.
Location of Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion on map
What to See
The ornamental entrance archway,
The decoration on the roof and walls made of tiny pieces of broken pottery called chien nien
Admire the exterior blue wall finishes made from indigo lime wash
Inside the mansion, view the trompe l'œil painting on the interior dado.
Art Nouveau stained glass windows
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, dining room (28 February 2004)
Cast-iron columns of Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion (28 February 2004)
The cast-iron columns, originally by MacFarlanes foundry of Glasgow, Scotland (28 February 2004)
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, cast-iron spiral staircase (28 February 2004)
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, antique rickshaws (28 February 2004)
The side courtyard of Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion (28 February 2004)
Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, view from the side courtyard (28 February 2004)
Tim with host Loh Lim Lin Lee at the Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion with participants of AsiaExplorers Site Visit (4 June, 2006)
Penang Travel Tips expresses its thanks to Loh-Lim Lin Lee for her assistance in the preparing of the material for this article. Special thanks also to Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion for allowing the photo shoot of its interior.
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