Mountain range of Tajikistan http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%D0%9D%D0%B0%D1%87%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%BE_%D0 %BF%D0%BE%D0%B4%D1%8A%D1%91%D0%BC%D0%B0_%D0%BD%D0%B0_%D0%B2._%D0%A7%D0%B8%D0%BC%D1%82% D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B3%D0%B0_(5494).jpg Oleg Brovko
Tajikistan (Тоҷикистон) is a small, landlocked nation in Central Asia. A rugged, mountainous country, Tajikistan is bordered by Kyrgyzstan to the north, China to the east, Pakistan to the southeast, Afghanistan to the south, and Uzbekistan to the west. Tajikistan covers 143,100 sq km (55,251 sq mi) and has a population of 8 million (2011 estimate). Its capital and largest city is Dushanbe.
Tajikistan is five hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+5). Traffic is driven on the right here. The electricity is 220V/50Hz. The phone IDD code is +992. The official currency is Somoni (TJS). The official language is Tajik although Russian is widely used as the language of inter-ethnic communication. The country is a republic headed by a president and a prime minister.
Entrance to a mosque in Dushanbe, Tajikistan http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Mosques_in_Dushanbe#mediaviewer/File:Tajikistan_(159756609).jpg Steve Evans
Tajikistan the one of the poorest nations in Central Asia, a trait shared with neighboring Kyrgyzstan . Political upheavel that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union had its toll on the country, and only recently did it achieve some form of political stability and progress. The estimated nominal GDP for Tajikistan for 2009 stood at $4.982 billion, equivalent to a per capita nominal GDP of just $767. Its per capita GDP at purchasing power parity stood at $2,103.
The land of Tajikistan has been inhabited since 4,000 BC. Buddhism was introduced here in the 7th or 6th century BC, while Islam was brought here in the 7th century AD. Tajikistan was absorbed by the Russian Empire through the 19th century. Following the overthrow of Imperial Russia, Tajikistan fought a losing battle to seek independence, but was eventually defeated by the Bolsheviks. This led to the creation of the Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1924, and the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic in 1929.
When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, it allowed Tajikistan to declare its independence. However, it was a poor country with widespread poverty that had depended on the Soviet Union for support, and in the post-independence era, the country was plunged into civil war, as differing factions fought one another. The situation was volatile up to as recently as 2006, when opposition parties boycotted the presidential election. Since then it is slowly moving towards some form of stability.
Planning your trip to Tajikistan
Visitors from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan , Moldova, Mongolia, Russia and Ukraine do not need a visa. Visas may be applied for in advance at Tajik embassies in your home country. Tourist visas are available upon arrival for visitors from countries without a Tajik embassy. The visa costs US$25.
Dushanbe Airport (DYU) is the main airport serving Tajikistan. The small airport receives flights from surrounding destinations of Central Asia. The private airline Somon Air flies to Dubai and Frankfurt.
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