Taichung, which actually means central Taiwan, is a city located near the eastern central part of Taiwan. It was founded in 1705 and was known as Dadun. It was around this time that the Manchu-controlled Qing Dynasty was strengthening its hold on the western part of Taiwan. Qing authorities met with resistance from the aboriginals of Taiwan as well as rebels from mainland China determined to restore the Ming government.
Dadun was the capital of Taiwan Prefecture until the Empress Dowager Cixi moved the capital to Taipei. In 1895 the Qing government was forced to surrender Taiwan to Japan upon losing the Sino-Japanese War. The Japanese changed the name of Dadun to Taichung.
The Japanese granted city status to Taichung in 1920. Upon the defeat of Japan during the Second World War, it was forced to give up Taiwan. It was a turbulent time for Taiwanese politics, which was split into three camps.
Temple in Changhua http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Changhua_nanyao_4.jpg WiDE
On 1 October, 1949, mainland China came under Communist rule led by Mao Zedong, with its capital based in Beiping, called Peking in English, and then renamed Beijing. Chiang Kai-shek with 2 million Nationalist Chinese fled to Taiwan, and in December, 1949, proclaimed Taipei the temporary capital of the Republic of China.
Taichung enjoys a climate comparable to that of California. Its warmest months are June to August, when the termometer hits 32°C. The coldest months are December to February, when the temperature goes down to 24°C or lower. Highest rainfall is in June and August, at over 30 cm in each of these months.
Lungshan Temple, Lukang, one of the oldest temples in Taiwan http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lukang_Lung-shan_Temple_2004.jpg A-giâu
Going to Taichung
You can easily reach Taichung by bus from Taipei. Alternatively, you can also take the Taiwan High Speed Rail (HSR) train that runs between Taipei and Kaohsiung. There is a free shuttle bus for HSR passengers to reach downtown Taichung.
Getting Around in Taichung
The public transportation in Taichung is limited to public buses and taxi. The flag fall rate for taxi is NT$85. Tipping is not required. If you intend to explore extensively, consider renting a car.
Changhua Railway Station http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Changhua_Train_Station.JPG Ludahai
Places of Interest in Taichung
Chungshan Park 20-hectare park on the hillock where the original settlement of Dadun was located.
Martyrs' Shrine (Chunglie Tzu) Temple in the classical Chinese architecture.
Confucius Temple (Kung Miao) Temple dedicated to Confucius.
Paochueh Temple Temple of the Milofo, the rotund happy Buddha.
Taichung Minsu Kungyuan (Taichung Folk Park) Park showcasing Hokkien-style architecture, arts and crafts.
National Museum of Natural Science A huge science museum with a lot of interactive exhibits.
Chunghua Night Market Taichung's most famous night market.
Tunghai University University occupying a 139-hectare fooded area to the northwest of downtown Taichung.
Yako Huayuan (Encore Gardens) Garden with colorful flowers and European statues.
Taichung Winery Winery that dates back to the Japanese era.
Taichung Tower The tallest building in Taichung, in the shape of a bamboo stock.
Cities and Sights to the South of Taichung
Tsaotun City 20 km to the south of Taichung, with a Handicraft Exhibition Hall.
Chunghsing Hsintsun (Chunghsing Village) Former seat of Taiwan's provincial government.
Changhua Country town southwest of Taichung with a 30-meter tall concrete seated Buddha.
Hungmao Ching (Red-Hair Well) Well dug by the Dutch some 350 years ago.
Taiwan Folk Village (Taiwan Mintsutsun) Museum with original traditional structures reassembled on its grounds representing various ethnic tribes.
Lukang Old inland part where Chinese immigrants arrived in Taiwan during the 17th to the early 20th centuries.
Lungshan Temple Oldest temple in Lukang, and one of the oldest in Taiwan.
Fengtien Kung (Phoenix Mountain Temple) Small temple built by Fujian immigrants in the 19th century.
Lukang Tienhou Temple Believed to be the oldest Matsu temple in Taiwan.
Lukang Folk Arts Museum Museum of traditional culture and lifestyle, housed in a quasi-European style villa.
Wenkai Academy, Civil Shrine and Martial Temple Medieval institution of the intellectual elites.
Chungshan Road Road in Lukang with traditional shops.
Chiayi City about half way between Taichung and Tainan.
Peiyu Temple Temple built in 1697 to venerate the guardian of Hades.
Chiayi Park Park on the eastern outskirts of Chiayi, with a small Confucius temple in it.
Chiayi Night Market Night market near the railway station, with a healthy selection of snacks.
Wufeng's Former Residence Home of the only historical personaged revered by both the Taiwanese and the aborigines.
Kuantzuling Rustic hot spring spa, 15 km south of Wufeng's Former Residence.
Exotic Rock Fossilized boulder with fossil skeletons visible on its sides.
Shuihuo Tungyuan Water-Fire Crevice A crevice of boiling mineral water along with constant flickering fire.
Piyun Ssu (Blue Cloud Temple) Temple in Kuantzuling area built in 1701.
Monastery of the Great Immortals (Tahsien Ssu) A recently built monastery in the Kuantzuling area.
Temple of the Immortal Ancestor Small but ornate temple in the Kuantzuling area.
Peikang A town to the northwest of Chiayi
Chaotien Kung The most elaborate temple dedicated to Matsu in the whole of Taiwan.
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