Annapurna Massif, Nepal http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Annapurna_Massif_Panorama.jpg Dmitry A. Mottl
Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल) is a small, landlocked country in the Indian subcontinent. It has a total area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 square miles), rougly the combined size of Austria and Switzerland. Nepal has a population of about 30 million people. The country shares a border with China to the north, India to the west, south and east. Nepal straddles the Himalayan range. It is roughly 100 km wide and 885 km from west to east. The country has some of the tallest peak in the world within its borders, including Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world.
Sadhus at Pashupatinath Temple, Kathmandu http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sadu_Kathmandu_Pashupatinath_2006_Luca_Galuzzi.jpg Luca Galuzzi - www.galuzzi.it
The capital of Nepal, Kathmandu, is the main gateway for tourists to the country. It is located about centre of the country, and slightly to the east. Kathmandu is not only the biggest city in Nepal, it is also the cultural hub of the nation, with many historic sights closely. Tourists come to Nepal for two main purposes, to enjoy the Himalayan range and to enjoy the culture of the country.
Mainstream tourists usually spend a few days in Kathmandu followed by a day or two in Pokhara, a beautiful small town with scenic views of the surrounding mountains. From there, they make excursions to view the nearby peaks. Those staying longer in Nepal embark on trekking holidays into the Himalayas, to places such as Jomsom or the Everest Base Camp. Only a small number actually engage in any form of serious mountain climbing, which is not an endeavour for the inexperienced.
The World Peace Pagoda in Lumbini, Nepal http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Lumbini_Shanti_Stupa#mediaviewer/File:The_World_Peace_Pagoda_-_Lumbini.jpg tearsxintherain
The climate in Nepal is extremely varied. Generally, the best time to visit Nepal are the months of October and March, while for just Kathmandu, the best time is between October to March.
Despite its natural wealth, Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world. This has brought along social and political unrest, which culminated with the abolishing of the monarchy on 28 May, 2008, making Nepal a federal republic. Even with the volatile political climate, tourism in Nepal was only marginally affected, and people continue to visit it, drawn by its pristine beauty and unique culture.
Brimsen Temple in Patan http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Bhimsen_Temple,_Patan_Durbar_Square#mediaviewer/File:Bhimsen_temple_Patan_GP_(8).JPG Ganesh Paudel
Nepal Travel Information
Official Name: Nepal
Capital: Kathmandu (1,300,000)
Population of Nepal: 27,676,500
Languages: Nepali (48%), Maithali (12%), English, over 90 indigenous languages
Currency: Nepalese Rupee
Religions: Hindu (80%), Buddhist (10%), others
Size: 140,800 sq km (54,363 sq miles)
Nepal Entry Points
The majority of visitors to Nepal arrive by air, landing at Tribhuvan International Airport about 6.5km from Kathmandu. Tribhuvan is the only international airport in Nepal.
Yaks with Taboche mountain and Cholatse mountain http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Duglha_yaks.jpg Pavel Novak
Nepal Entry Requirements
Except for Indian nationals, everybody else above the age of 10 require a visa to enter Nepal. Visas are obtainable immediately upon landing at Tribhuvan International Airport. Single entry 60-day visa costs US$30, double-entry $55 and multiple-entry $90. You need a passport with at least 6-month validity and two passport-size photographs. Extension of visas cost US$50, and must be applied for before the visa expires, from the Department of Immigration in Kathmandu.
Department of Immigration
phone: 223590, 222453, 223681
Visa matters: Mon-Fri 9:00am-3:00pm (summer), 9:00am-2:00pm (winter)
Rugged terrain of the Kali Gandaki valley in Nepal http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:KaliGandaki.jpg Kogo
Nepal Health Requirements
Nepal is a poor country and visitors are well advised to consider receiving vaccines for typhoid fever, hepatitis A and B, Japanese encephalitis (if visiting the Terai during June to October), rabies, and if visiting in the winter months, meningitis A/C. You should never drink unboiled or untreated water. Stay away from ice cubes. Avoid eating raw vegetables, uncooked fish and seafood.
Finally, it will also well-advised to purchase travel insurance with emergency evacuation included in the clause.
Travellers may bring in 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars or 250g of tobacca, one bottle of liquor and 15 rolls of film. Also duty-free are personal effects: one pair of binoculars, one still camera, one video camera, one laptop computer and one portable music system. The usual prohibition against firearms, ammunition and narcotics apply, as well as for radio transmitters and walkie-talkies.
You will also need to clear customs when leaving Nepal. Please note that you are forbidden from bringing out any object that is more than 100 years old. Antiques and art treasures require special certificate from the Department of Archaeology, which takes two days to obtain.
The peaks of Dorje Lakpa, as seen from Nagarkot, Nepal http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Nagarkot#mediaviewer/File:Le_Dorje_Lakpa_(Himalaya,_N%C3%A9pal)_(8449549937).jpg dalbera
The Nepal currency is called the Nepalese rupee (NRS). Banknotes are available in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 rupees. Two types of coins are available. The higher denomination ones, of 1 and 2 rupees, are gold-toned, while the lower denomination ones, of 50, 25, 10 and 5 paisa, are aluminium ones.
You can change your cash at the airport, at any banks and foreign exchange counters in Kathmandu. There's a Standard Chartered 24-hour ATM in Thamel which you can use to cash your ATM Cirrus card, as well as Visa and MasterCard.
Credit cards can be used for purchases in Kathmandu without much hassle. Visa, MasterCard, Diner's Club and American Express are widely accepted, though a 5% commission is added for credit card purchases.
Banks are open from 9:15am to 2:30pm, Mondays to Fridays.
Janaki Mandir in Janakpur, Nepal http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2009-03_Janakpur_05.jpg Ralf Lotys
Nepal Public Holidays
Five different types of calendars are used in Nepal. This includes the Western calendar (also called the Gregorian calendar), the Tibetan calendar (Bhot Byalo), and the Vikram Sambat, which is the official calendar in Nepal, and is used in the royal household, in newspapers, public services and by the government. The following are the public holidays in Nepal, according to the Gregorian calendar:
Vasant Panchami: January, date varies
Martyrs' Day: 30 January
Rashtriya Prajatantra Divas (National Democracy Day): 19 February
Ghode Jatra (Festival of Horses): March, date varies
Holi: March, date varies
Shivaratri (festival in honour of Lord Shiva): March, date varies
Ram Nawami (Birthday of Lord Ram): March, date varies
Nepalese Women's Day: 8 March
Chaite Dashain: March/April, date varies
Navabarsha (Nepalese New Year's Day): 14 April
Buddha Jayanti: Full moon in May, birthday of the Buddha
Children's Day: 20 August
Rakshya Bandhan (Janai Purnima): August, date varies
Krishna Janmashtami: August/September, date varies
Fulpati Saptami: September, date varies
Maha Asthami: September, date varies
Maha Nawami: September, date varies
Vijaya Dashami: September, date varies
Laxhmi Puja: October, date varies
Ghatasthapana: October, date varies
Gobardhan Puja: October, date varies
Constitution Day: 9 November
Womenfolk preparing bonfire for the Holika Dahan spring festival in Kathmandu, Nepal http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Holika_Dahan,_Kathamandu,_Nepal.jpg Ekabhishek
Using the Telephone in Nepal
The country code for Nepal is 977. Here are some telephone area codes in Nepal:
The Rising Nepal: http://www.nepalnews.com.np/trn.htm
Kantipur National Daily (sister to Kathmandu Post): http://www.kantipuronline.com
Thank you for visiting my travel encyclopedia. I started it in 2003, and today it has over twenty thousand pages, all written by me. My name is Timothy Tye, you can call me Tim. I am a full-time website author writing only my own website, to describe things and places I am curious about. To know more about me, go to www.timothytye.com I have been living at home writing my websites full time since 2007. I describe my alternative lifestyle in my Happy Jobless Guy website.
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