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Sarawak Travel Tips

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Sarawak Travel TipsSarawak Travel Tips (2 October, 2004)

B. Melayu

Sarawak Travel Tips introduces the largest state in Malaysia to those planning to make a trip there. Sarawak occupies an area of 124,450 sq km on the northwestern part of the island of Borneo. Sarawak shares a border with the neighbouring state of Sabah as well as with the Indonesian province of Kalimantan and with Brunei.

Sarawak has a population of 2.4 million. Over half a million people live in the capital city, Kuching. Other major cities in Sarawak include Miri (pop. 263,000), Sibu (pop. 254,000) and Bintulu (pop. 176,800). The biggest proportion of Sarawak's population are the Ibans, which make up 30% of the population. The Chinese is a close second, at 26%. Most of them are Hakkas and Hokkiens. Malays form 21% of the populations. Other indigenous groups living in Sarawak include the Melanau, Bidayuh, Orang Ulu, Kayan, Lun Bawang, Kelabit, Kenyah and Penan.

Location of Major Towns in Sarawak on the map

Major Towns in Sarawak

  1. Kuching - capital (GPS: 1.56, 110.345)
  2. Bintulu (GPS: 3.17132, 113.0419)
  3. Kota Samarahan (GPS: 1.45971, 110.49917)
  4. Lundu (GPS: 1.67213, 109.8536)
  5. Miri (GPS: 4.39949, 113.99138)
  6. Sarikei (GPS: 2.1317, 111.52372)
  7. Sibu (GPS: 2.28728, 111.83053)
  8. Sri Aman (GPS: 1.23668, 111.46256)

Categories of sights in Sarawak

  2. Beaches in Sarawak
  3. Caves in Sarawak
  4. Chinese temples in Sarawak
  5. Churches in Sarawak
  6. Hawker Centres in Sarawak
  7. Hospitals in Sarawak
  8. Monuments in Sarawak
  9. Mosques in Sarawak
  10. Mountains in Sarawak
  11. Museums in Sarawak
  12. National Parks in Sarawak
  13. Police Stations in Sarawak
  14. Shopping malls in Sarawak
  15. Streets in Sarawak

National Parks & Wildlife Sanctuaries in Sarawak

  1. Bako National Park
  2. Batang Ai National Park
  3. Bukit Tiban National Park
  4. Fairy Cave & Wind Cave
  5. Gunung Buda National Park
  6. Gunung Gading National Park
  7. Gunung Mulu National Park
  8. Kubah National Park
  9. Kuching Wetlands National Park
  10. Lambir Hills National Park
  11. Lanjau-Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary
  12. Loagan Bunut National Park
  13. Maludam National Park
  14. Matang Wildlife Centre
  15. Niah National Park
  16. Pulong Tau National Park
  17. Rajang Mangroves National Park
  18. Sama Jaya Nature Reserve
  19. Samunsam Wildlife Sanctuary
  20. Semenggoh Wildlife Rehabilitation Centre
  21. Similajau National Park
  22. Talang Satang National Park
  23. Tanjung Datu National Park

Mountains in Sarawak

  1. Gunung Murud
  2. Gunung Mulu
  3. Gunung Penrissen
  4. Gunung Serapi
  5. Bukit Batu Buli
  6. Bukit Batu Lawi

Major Rivers in Sarawak

  1. Batang Baram
  2. Rajang River

Cultural dance at Sarawak Cultural VillageCultural dance at Sarawak Cultural Village (2 October 2004)

History of Sarawak

Sarawak was historically part of the Sultanate of Brunei until 1842, when it was ceded to James Brooke, from where began a dynasty of White Rajahs ruling Sarawak. James Brooke became the de facto monarch of Sarawak without any intent of colonizing the state, and it stirred the imagination of other white adventurers with aspirations of the same intent.

Sarawak became a British Protectorate under the rule of Rajah Charles Anthony Johnson Brooke, the second ruler of the Brooke dynasty. The third Rajah of Sarawak, Charles Vyner Brooke ceded Sarawak to Great Britain, and it remained under British rule until it gain independence and joined Malaysia in 1963.

Sarawak State Assembly BuildingSarawak State Assembly Building
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Sarawak_state_assembly_building#mediaviewer/File:Sarawak_state_assembly_building.jpg
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What to see in Sarawak

Sarawak is a destination for nature lovers. There are many natural parks in the state of which the most popular include Gunung Mulu National Park, Bako National Park and Niah National Park. Gunung Mulu National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that has some of the biggest cave chambers in the world.

Many visitors come to Sarawak to experience its indigenous culture. This often includes a visit to the longhouses to view how the Ibans and other groups live in the interior of the state. Those who are interested in the historical aspect of Sarawak should visit the heritage sites in Kuching, especially those along the Sarawak River.

Niah Cave, SarawakNiah Cave, Sarawak
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_main_entrance_to_the_Niah_Caves_at_sunset..jpg
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Getting there

Sarawak maintains tigher immigration control than any other Malaysian state. Malaysians coming from Peninsular Malaysia are required to complete an immigration form, and are limited to 90 days stay in the state. Foreigners are required to complete a second immigration form. Those who require a visa to enter Malaysia would need one specifically for visiting Sarawak. This should be specified when applying for your Malaysian visa.

By Plane

Kuching International Airport (KIA) is the main gateway for most visitors to Sarawak. It has direct flights to Kuala Lumpur, Kota Kinabalu and Penang in Malaysia, as well as international flights to Singapore, Pontianak, Bali, Jakarta, Bandar Seri Begawan, Macau and Xiamen.

The Grand Old Lady, MiriThe Grand Old Lady, Miri
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Miri#mediaviewer/File:Grand_Old_Lady_Miri_Malaysia.jpg
authorshipPierre cb
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By Road

You can enter Sarawak by road from Brunei, Indonesia and from the state of Sabah.


The most ambitious road network in Borneo is the Pan Borneo Highway, which links Sarawak with Brunei and Sabah.

List of States in Malaysia

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