Johor Lama (GPS: 1.58122, 104.02009) is the old royal capital of Johor. It is located within the Kota Tinggi district, and is 27 km to the south of Kota Tinggi town.
After being ejected from Malacca, Sultan Mahmud fled to different part of the Malay archipelago, eventually dying in Kampar, in Sumatra. His son, Sultan Alauddin Riayat returned to the peninsula, and established his residence in Pekan Tua, on the banks of the Johor River. This was around 1530.
The old Johor Fort was constructed here to provide it protection. From this base, the new Sultanate of Johor launched several offensives against the Portuguese in Malacca, and suffered repeated retaliations. However, it was the Acehnese that proved to be a more formidable challenge to Old Johor's grip on power. In 1564, Acehnese forces ransacked Johor Lama and captured Sultan Alauddin whom they took back to Acheh.
After the fall of Johor Lama, the capital of the Sultanate of Johor was transferred further upriver, to Batu Sawar, which is even nearer to Kota Tinggi town. It was in Batu Sawar that Johor and the Dutch negotiated an alliance to attack the Portuguese.
Today the fort of Johor Lama can still be visited. It is part of the Kota Johor Lama Historical Complex.
Thank you for visiting my website, Penang Travel Tips. Since starting it in 2003, it has become my own online encyclopedia. My name is Timothy Tye, you can call me Tim. I am a full-time website author writing only my own website, to describe things and places I am curious about. To know more about me, go to www.timothytye.com I have been living at home writing my websites full time since 2007. I describe my alternative lifestyle in my Happy Jobless Guy website.
As a Christian, I hope that through this website, I am able to deliver God's Good News to people all over the world.