Aphrodites Rock, Cyprus http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aphrodites_Rock.jpg Paul167
Cyprus (Greek: Κύπρος, Turkish: Kıbrıs) is an island in the Eastern Mediterranean. It is the third largest island on the Mediterranean Sea. Cyprus covers 9,248 sq km (3,571 sq mi). Cyprus is partitioned between the 59% area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus and the balance which calls itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, recognised only by Turkey. The island has a population of 1.1 million people, of which over 800,000 live in the Republic of Cyprus area. The capital and largest city is Nikosia.
The Republic of Cyprus is a republic headed by a president. 77% of its population are ethnic Greeks and 18% ethnic Turkish. The official languages of Cyprus are Greek and Turkish.
St Nikolaos Byzantine Church, Cyprus http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:St._Nikolaos_C.jpg Gerhard Haubold
Cyprus is in the Eastern European Time zone, which is two hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+2). Traffic is on the left, similar as in the United Kingdom. The official currency here is the Euro (€). The electricity is 240V/50Hz using UK plugs. The phone IDD code is +357.
Cyprus is a high income country. Its nominal GDP in 2010 was estimated as $23.291 billion, equivalent to a per capita nominal GDP of $28,378. Its per capita GDP at purchasing power parity is $27,713.
Human habitation of Cyplrus goes back to hunter-gatherer tribes around 10,000 BC. Greek settlers arrived in Cyprus around 1400 BC, with a major wave of Greek settlers arriving between 1100-1050 BC. Cyprus was ruled by Assyria from 708 BC, followed by a brief period by the Eyptian, and then by Persian. Cyprus became part of the Byzantine Empire in the Middle Ages.
Cyprus was then ruled by the Venetian Republic in the 15th century and the Ottomans since the 16th. Administration of Cyprus went to Britain following the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878), with full annexation in 1914. Cyprus attained independence from Britain following the Zürich and London Agreement of 16 August, 1960, between the United Kingdom, Greece and Turkey.
Ancient Roman Theater in Kourion, Cyprus http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Outside_Kourion_theatre_2010.jpg Wknight94
Preparing Money for Cyprus
The currency used in Cyprus is the Euro (EUR).
Planning your visit to Cyprus
Although a member of the Schengen Agreement, Cyprus has yet to implement it. Nevertheless visitors of EU and EFTA countries only need to bring an ID card (or passport) to gain entry. From January 2011, visitors who do not need a visa include the citizens of Albania, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong, Israel, Japan, Macau, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Saint Kitts and Nevis, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, United States, Uruguay, Vatican City, and Venezuela.
Larnaca International Airport (LCA) is the main gateway to Cyprus. The national carrier is Cyprus Airways. There are flights from major cities in Europe. Almost all non-Cyprus Airways flights arrive and depart in the early hours of the morning.
Cape Greco National Park, Cyprus http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cape_Greco_2010_05_01_5227.jpg Anna Anichkova
Thank you for visiting my travel encyclopedia. I started it in 2003, and today it has over twenty thousand pages, all written by me. My name is Timothy Tye, you can call me Tim. I am a full-time website author writing only my own website, to describe things and places I am curious about. To know more about me, go to www.timothytye.com I have been living at home writing my websites full time since 2007. I describe my alternative lifestyle in my Happy Jobless Guy website.
As a Christian, I hope that through this website, I am able to deliver God's Good News to people all over the world.
If you are planning to travel Malaysia and Singapore by bus, you can now purchase your long-distance bus tickets directly from Bus Online Ticket, where you get to check the schedule as well as price of tickets from various bus companies.