British Columbia Parliament Building, Canada http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:British_Columbia_Parliament_Buildings_-_Pano_-_HDR.jpg Ryan Bushby Canada is the second largest country in the world in terms of area. It consists of ten provinces and three territories. Canada covers 9,984,670 sq km (3,854,085 sq mi) and has a population of 34.7 million people (2012 estimate). The capital of Canada is Ottawa while the biggest city is Toronto.
Canada shares a land border with the contiguous United States and the state of Alaska in the northwest. While it is usually regarded as the second largest country in the world, by land area alone, Canada ranks fourth behind Russia, China and the United States.
Provinces and Territories of Canada on this website
Visitors arriving by air enter via Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary, Montreal and Ottawa. There are also international airports in small cities including Halifax, St John's, Winnipeg, Edmonton, Regina, Saskatoon, Kelowna and Victoria.
Ten Peaks and Moraine Lake, Banff National Park http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Moraine_Lake_17092005.jpg Gorgo
Église Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours, historic church in I'Islet, Quebec http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%C3%89glise_Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours,_l%27Islet_01.jpg Bernard Gagnon
Traveling Around in Canada
The fastest way to travel large distances in Canada is to fly. The main national carrier, Air Canada, has the largest network of routes. For cheap flights between major cities, consider WestJet (www.westjet.ca).
If is possible to travel between major cities by bus, particularly in the Windsor-Quebec City corridor, which includes major cities such as Toronto, Montreal and Ottawa. Bus routes through the central heartland, such as through the prairies, can take several days, so unless you can bear the rare stops, it is really endurance travel for the hardy.
Preparing for your trip to Canada
The main languages spoken in Canada are English and (in Quebec particularly) French. If you are not comfortable in speaking these languages, you should make preparation to improve your command.
Autumn in La Mauricie National Park, Quebec http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Autumn_colours_on_the_trail_to_Lac_Gabet_in_La_Mauricie_National_Park.JPG Kevstan
Arctic Cotton in Arviat, Hudson's Bay, Nunavut, Canada http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Arctic_Cotton_at_Arviat,_Hudson%27s_Bay,_Nunavut.jpg Mike Beauregard
World Heritage Sites in Canada
Canada ratified the World Heritage Convention on 23 July, 1976. As of August 2010, it has 15 World Heritage Sites. Six of these are Cultural and nine are Natural sites. Canada has submitted a further nine sites presently on the World Heritage Tentative List.
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