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British Columbia Parliament Building, CanadaBritish Columbia Parliament Building, Canada
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:British_Columbia_Parliament_Buildings_-_Pano_-_HDR.jpg
photo sourceRyan Bushby
photo licensing Canada is the second largest country in the world in terms of area. It consists of ten provinces and three territories. Canada covers 9,984,670 sq km (3,854,085 sq mi) and has a population of 34.7 million people (2012 estimate). The capital of Canada is Ottawa while the biggest city is Toronto.

Canada shares a land border with the contiguous United States and the state of Alaska in the northwest. While it is usually regarded as the second largest country in the world, by land area alone, Canada ranks fourth behind Russia, China and the United States.

Provinces and Territories of Canada on this website

Major Cities in Canada

  1. Ottawa - capital
  2. Toronto - biggest city
  3. Montreal
  4. Vancouver

Provinces and Territories of Canada


Provinces

  1. Alberta (AB)
  2. British Columbia (BC)
  3. Manitoba (MB)
  4. New Brunswick (NB)
  5. Newfoundland and Labrador (NL)
  6. Nova Scotia (NS)
  7. Ontario (ON)
  8. Prince Edward Island (PE)
  9. Quebec (QC)
  10. Saskatchewan (SK)
Territories

  1. Northwest Territories (NT)
  2. Nunavut (NU)
  3. Yukon (YT)

Getting In

Visitors arriving by air enter via Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary, Montreal and Ottawa. There are also international airports in small cities including Halifax, St John's, Winnipeg, Edmonton, Regina, Saskatoon, Kelowna and Victoria.

Ten Peaks and Moraine Lake, Banff National ParkTen Peaks and Moraine Lake, Banff National Park
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Moraine_Lake_17092005.jpg
photo sourceGorgo
photo licensing

Église Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours, historic church in I'Islet, QuebecÉglise Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours, historic church in I'Islet, Quebec
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%C3%89glise_Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours,_l%27Islet_01.jpg
photo sourceBernard Gagnon
photo licensing

Traveling Around in Canada

The fastest way to travel large distances in Canada is to fly. The main national carrier, Air Canada, has the largest network of routes. For cheap flights between major cities, consider WestJet (www.westjet.ca).

If is possible to travel between major cities by bus, particularly in the Windsor-Quebec City corridor, which includes major cities such as Toronto, Montreal and Ottawa. Bus routes through the central heartland, such as through the prairies, can take several days, so unless you can bear the rare stops, it is really endurance travel for the hardy.

Preparing for your trip to Canada

The main languages spoken in Canada are English and (in Quebec particularly) French. If you are not comfortable in speaking these languages, you should make preparation to improve your command.

Autumn in La Mauricie National Park, QuebecAutumn in La Mauricie National Park, Quebec
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Autumn_colours_on_the_trail_to_Lac_Gabet_in_La_Mauricie_National_Park.JPG
photo sourceKevstan
photo licensing

Arctic Cotton in Arviat, Hudson's Bay, Nunavut, CanadaArctic Cotton in Arviat, Hudson's Bay, Nunavut, Canada
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Arctic_Cotton_at_Arviat,_Hudson%27s_Bay,_Nunavut.jpg
photo sourceMike Beauregard
photo licensing

World Heritage Sites in Canada

Canada ratified the World Heritage Convention on 23 July, 1976. As of August 2010, it has 15 World Heritage Sites. Six of these are Cultural and nine are Natural sites. Canada has submitted a further nine sites presently on the World Heritage Tentative List.



    Cultural
  1. L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site (1978)
  2. Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump (1981)
  3. SGang Gwaay (1981)
  4. Historic District of Old Québec (1985)
  5. Old Town Lunenburg (1995)
  6. Rideau Canal (2007)
  7. Landscape of Grand Pré (2012), nominated in 2004
  8. Red Bay Basque Whaling Station (2013), nominated in 2004


  9. Natural
  10. Nahanni National Park (1978)
  11. Dinosaur Provincial Park (1979)
  12. Kluane-Wrangell-St Elias-Glacier Bay-Tatshenshini-Alsek (1979 Canada/USA)
  13. Wood Buffalo National Park (1983)
  14. Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks (1984)
  15. Gros Morne National Park (1987)
  16. Waterton Glacier International Peace Park (1995 Canada/USA)
  17. Miguasha National Park (1999)
  18. Joggins Fossil Cliffs (2008)
Sites in Canada presently on the World Heritage Tentative List:
  1. Áísínai'pi (2004)
  2. Atikaki / Woodland Caribou / Accord First Nations (Pimachiowin Aki) (2004)
  3. Gwaii Haanas (2004)
  4. Ivvavik / Vuntut / Herschel Island (Qikiqtaruk) (2004)
  5. The Klondike (2004)
  6. Mistaken Point (2004)
  7. Quttinirpaaq (2004)
Dentonia Park, Toronto, in winterDentonia Park, Toronto, in winter
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dentonia_Park.jpg
photo sourceDavid J
photo licensing

Major Tourist Destinations of Canada

  1. Algonquin Park
    The largest park in the Ontario Provincial Park System.
  2. Banff National Park
    The first designated national park of Canada.
  3. Cape Breton Island
    The northernmost island in Nova Scotia.
  4. Jasper National Park
    The largest national park within Canada's Rocky Mountain Parks.
  5. Niagara Falls
    The most famous waterfall in North America.
  6. Saint John River Valley
    Valley with many historic sites of wooden covered bridges.
  7. Terra Nova National Park
    The most easterly national park of Canada, located in Eastern Newfoundland.
  8. Yoho National Park
    National park in the Canadian Rocky Mountains, along the western slope of the Continental Divide.

Gros Morne National Park, Western NewfoundlandGros Morne National Park, Western Newfoundland
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:NLW_GrosMorne4_tango7174.jpg
photo sourceTango7174
photo licensing

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