Timothy Tye's Travel Encyclopedia
Kenya Travel Tips

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Point Lenana on Mount KenyaPoint Lenana on Mount Kenya
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pt_Lenana_Mt_Kenya.JPG
authorshipChris 73
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Kenya is a country in East Africa. It covers 580,367 sq km (224,080 sq mi) and is bordered by Somalia to the northeast, Ethiopia to the north, Sudan to the northwest, Uganda to the west and Tanzania to the south. Kenya has a coastline to the Indian Ocean to the southeast and to Lake Victoria to the west. The population of Kenya is about 40 million (2011 estimate). The capital and largest city is Nairobi.

Major Cities in Kenya

  1. Nairobi - capital
  2. Kabarnet
  3. Kisumu
  4. Lamu
  5. Malindi
  6. Mombasa
  7. Nakuru

World Heritage Sites in Kenya

Kenya ratified the World Heritage Convention on 5 June, 1991. As of August 2010, it has four World Heritage Sites, two in the cultural and two in the natural category. Kenya also has another y sites on the World Heritage Tentative List.
  1. Lake Turkana National Parks
  2. Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest
  3. Lamu Old Town
  4. Sacred Mijikenda Kaya Forests
  5. Fort Jesus (2011)
  6. Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley (2011)

Sites in Kenya on the World Heritage Tentative List

  1. Mombasa Old Town (1997)
  2. Lake Nakuru National Park (1999)
  3. Lake Naivasha (1999)
  4. Lake Bogoria National Reserve (1999)
  5. The Mijikenda Sacred Kaya Forests and groves (1999)
  6. Great Rift Valley Ecosystem (2001)
  7. The Historic Town of Gedi (2010)
  8. The Mfangano-Rusinga Island Complex (2010)
  9. The African Great Rift Valley - The Marakwet Escarpment Furrow Irrigation System (2010)
  10. The Thimlich Ohinga Cultural Landscape (2010)
  11. The African Great Rift Valley - Olorgesailie Prehistoric Site (2010)
  12. Aberdare Mountains (2010)
  13. The Eastern Arc Coastal Forests (Arabuko-Sokoke Forest and Shimba Hills National Reserve) (2010)
  14. The Kakemega Forest (2010)
  15. The Meru Conservation Area (2010)
  16. Mount Kenya National Park/ Natural Forest / Lewa Wildlife Conservancy (extension) (2010)
  17. The African Great Rift Valley - Hell's Gate National Park (2010)
  18. The African Great Rift Valley - The Maasai Mara (2010)
  19. The Tana Delta and Forests Complex (2010)
  20. Tsavo Parks and Chyulu Hills Complex (2010)

National Parks in Kenya

  1. Aberdare National Park
  2. Amboseli National Park
  3. Lake Nakuru National Park
  4. Masai Mara National Park
  5. Meru National Park
  6. Mount Elgon National Park
  7. Nairobi National Park
  8. Shimba Hills National Park
  9. Sibiloi National Park
  10. Tsavo East National Park
  11. Tsavo West National Park

Nairobi, KenyaNairobi, Kenya
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nairobi_skyline_P1000020.jpg
authorshipLmwangi
photo licensing

Kenya is three hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+3). Traffic is driven on the left, the same as in the United Kingdom. The official languages of Kenya are Swahili and English. The official currency is the Kenyan shilling (KES). The phone IDD code is +254. The electricity is 240V/50Hz.

Kenya has the biggest economy in the East and Central Africa. The estimated 2010 nominal GDP stood at $32.417 billion, equivalent to a per capita nominal GDP of $887. The per capita GDP at purchasing power parity was $1,784.

Jamia Mosque, NairobiJamia Mosque, Nairobi
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jamia_Mosque.JPG
authorshipWing
photo licensing

Kenya was a German protectorate in 1885. When the Imperial British East Africa Company was established in 1888, it created friction with the Germans, until Germany handed over the coastal areas to Britain.

During World War I the governments of British East Africa and German East Africa managed to hammer together a truce, thereby keeping the colonies from warfare. The interior of Kenya was settled by British farmers who grew coffee and tea.

The Republic of Kenya was established on 12 December, 1964. As with many other countries in Africa, Kenya went through periods of political volatility, but perhaps less turbulent compared to some of its neighbors. The last election was deem fair by international observers, and the country appeared on its way in the direction of democracy.

Kit-Mikayi rock formation near Kisumu, KenyaKit-Mikayi rock formation near Kisumu, Kenya
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kit-Mikayi.JPG
authorshipValerius Tygart
photo licensing

Planning your visit to Kenya

Visas are not required for visitors from Bahamas, Barbados, Botswana, Brunei, Burundi, Cyprus, Dominica, Fiji, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Jamaica, Malaysia, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, and Zimbabwe.

The Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi is the gateway to Kenya. It receives flights from neighboring cities as well as from London, Amsterdam and Mumbai.

Preparing Money for your trip to Kenya

The currency used in Kenya is the Kenyan Shilling (KES).

Phone Area Codes in Kenya

  • Nairobi 20
  • Embu
  • Garissa 46
  • Homa Bay 59
  • Kajiado 45
  • Kakamega 56
  • Karuri 66
  • Kericho 52
  • Kisii 58
  • Kitale 54
  • Kwale 40
  • Machakos 44
  • Malindi 42
  • Marsabit 69
  • Meru 64
  • Mombasa 11, 41
  • Murang'a 60
  • Nakuru 51
  • Naivasha 50
  • Nanyuki 62
  • Nyahururu 65
  • Nyeri 61
  • Thika 67
  • Voi 43
  • Wajir 46


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